The Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

There are some significant differences between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, which makes a distinction important for people with these conditions. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that presents with symptoms much earlier in life – between the ages of two and 15 – whereas Type 2 diabetes typically develops after age 50. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes typically appear suddenly, and may include a high fever, frequent urination, and ketones in the urine. If these symptoms develop and do not resolve, your doctor will most likely recommend medical tests to determine if the condition is a result of a lack of insulin in the body.

Insulin resistance

Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces less insulin than it needs to control blood sugar levels. It can affect both types of diabetes. Insulin resistance can be treated with medication. If it is uncontrolled, it can lead to complications. In most cases, diet, exercise and weight loss can reduce the amount of insulin required to maintain a healthy blood glucose level.

While the cause of insulin resistance remains unclear, researchers have identified several genes associated with the condition. Overweight people are more likely to develop insulin resistance than thin people. While several other factors can contribute to insulin resistance, scientists believe excess body fat and physical inactivity are the primary contributors.

Hashimoto disease

Hashimoto disease is a form of autoimmune thyroid disease, a condition that affects the thyroid. It can develop at any age, but is more common in middle age. There are many risk factors, including genetics, family history, and lifestyle. Other risk factors include pregnancy, which can affect the immune system. People who are exposed to radiation or excessive iodine are also at increased risk.

The symptoms of Hashimoto disease are similar to those of type 1 diabetes, but have some differences. The disease affects the thyroid gland and can cause hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. While the cause of this condition is unknown, it may be triggered by certain viruses and bacteria. People with type 1 diabetes are at an increased risk of developing both Hashimoto disease and Graves’ disease.

Graves’ disease

Graves’ disease is a condition characterized by an increased production of the body’s immune system’s antibodies. These antibodies are usually used to attack foreign substances, but in the case of Graves’ disease, these antibodies are used against the thyroid gland’s cells. This autoimmune reaction alters the normal regulation of thyroid function, causing the body to produce more thyroid hormones than is needed.

Symptoms of Graves’ disease include rapid heartbeat, irregular heartbeat, and vision problems. Those suffering from this disease also have an increased risk of developing Hashimoto’s disease. Both conditions affect the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck in front of the windpipe. The thyroid gland produces hormones that affect metabolism and growth. When these hormones are produced in excess, they can cause diabetes.


Fortunately, there are many ways to detect and treat the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The first thing to do is to visit a doctor. Although both conditions are treatable, treatment for type 1 diabetes involves insulin injections. The treatment of type 2 diabetes involves a combination of medications and lifestyle changes. Among these changes are making healthy food choices and becoming more physically active.

In both types of diabetes, the body converts food into glucose that cells use for energy. To get glucose into the cells, the pancreas produces an enzyme called insulin. However, if you have diabetes, your body may have problems secreting enough insulin, causing blood glucose levels to rise dangerously high. This will result in a loss of energy and may even cause you to become unconscious.