Belarusian protest organiser Maria Kolesnikova has been charged with incitement to undermine national security, officials say.
Three women have been leading a mass opposition movement, but she is the only one not to go into exile.
Ms Kolesnikova is said to have ripped up her passport when the authorities tried to expel her from the country.
For the last five Sundays, at least 100,000 people have protested over what was widely seen as a rigged election.
President Alexander Lukashenko claimed an overwhelming victory in the 9 August poll, but a brutal crackdown on initial protests against the result only fuelled popular anger.
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Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, who stood against Mr Lukashenko as the opposition candidate, said she won the election. She was forced to flee to Lithuania shortly afterwards.
The third of the three women, Veronika Tsepkalo, has also left the country.
Mr Lukashenko has remained in power and is recognised by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who granted a $1.5bn (£1.2bn) loan after face-to-face talks between the two men on Monday.Last week eyewitnesses saw Ms Kolesnikova, 38, being seized by masked men. She was driven to the Ukrainian border with two other people, but she prevented officials forcibly expelling her by tearing up her passport and throwing it out of a car window, Read More – Source